Dry Eye Disease: What Is It And How To Treat It?

Dry eye syndrome is caused by lack of moisture and lubrication on the surface of eyes. Consequences of the disease range from constant irritation and itchiness to inflammation and scarring of the eyes. The abnormality results in disruption of the ocular surface and causes a lot of complications. Dry eye disease, also known as keratoconjunctivitis sicca, affects a significant number of adults, especially those older than forty years – the condition is more common in women than in men and is the main reason for visits to an optometrist.




An adequate layer of tears on the surface of eyes is necessary to keep them healthy. Tears are responsible for bathing the eye’s surface and keep it moist. In addition, they wash away debris, microorganisms, and dust that could lead to eye infections and damage the cornea.

Symptoms And Signs Of Dry Eye Disease

The most common symptoms of the disease are burning sensation, aching sensation, itchy eyes, fatigued eye, sore eye, dryness, red eyes, photophobia and blurred vision. Sometimes people with dry eye syndrome believe that grit or another object is in their eyes, and they feel a foreign body sensation round the clock. Watery eyes are another sign of dry eye syndrome.

Medical Treatments For The Illness

Choosing an optometrist is one of the major health care decisions. After all, you will trust him to help you maintain good vision for a lifetime. If your eyes are unhealthy and require specialized surgical treatments, you should select the optometrist for a routine eye exam wisely. An optometrist performs routine eye exams and is trained to diagnose, manage, detect and treat the eye diseases. Certain medications help prevent dry eye disease.

Ask your optometrist if you should use contact lenses or have to try eye lubricants. Cyclosporine A 0.6% (Restasis) helps reduce inflammation and itchiness of the eyes. Cyclosporine 0.3% helps reduce the signs and symptoms of dry eye disease and can be used three to four times a day. Antibiotics are often prescribed by optometrists and are an excellent way to treat the illness. If you have meibomian gland dysfunction or blepharitis, it’s important to consult your eye specialist before trying any antibiotic.

Significance Of Surgery In Treating Dry Eye

Different optometrists often recommend surgical processes to help decrease dry eye disease. Near the inner layer of eyelids are tiny openings, known as punctae, that help minimize the normal drainage of the tears from the cornea. A variety of lacrimal plugs are used inside these openings to keep the water from flowing down the drain. Thus, your eyes remain moist, and you feel comfortable.

If a person has Bell’s palsy, his eyes will dry out because of evaporation. Lateral tarsorrhaphy is a surgical treatment that helps keep the water from evaporating and eyelids from closing improperly.




When it comes to inquiring about the services an eye specialist provides, you should ask what happens if dry eye syndrome requires treatments and medications beyond the doctor’s scope of care. One of the major factors you should consider is the recommendation of other patients who have had received treatment from this eye doctor.

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